Table 2.

Association of H. pylori seroprevalence with blood micronutrient levels

H. pylori − (n = 66) mean level (SE)aH. pylori + (n = 244) mean level (SE)aDifference between H. pylori − and H. pylori +
P value for absolute differencePercent decrease
Total carotenoids, μg/dL70.96 (1.06)63.77 (1.03)0.1210.1%
α-carotene, μg/dL2.18 (1.11)1.92 (1.05)0.2912.1%
β-carotene, μg/dL11.73 (1.12)8.49 (1.05)0.0127.6%
Lycopene, μg/dL29.24 (1.08)26.49 (1.04)0.289.4%
Lutein and zeaxanthin, μg/dL15.34 (1.06)15.16 (1.03)0.871.2%
β-cryptoxanthin, μg/dL6.67 (1.09)5.90 (1.04)0.2211.5%
Retinol, μg/dL42.88 (1.04)38.84 (1.02)0.029.7%
α-tocopherol, mg/dL1.16 (1.05)1.12 (1.03)0.504.0%
Folate, ng/mL14.33 (1.08)11.67 (1.04)0.0218.6%
  • aAdjusted for age, race, sex, BMI, education, smoking, use of vitamin supplements, and total energy intake.