Table 1.

Baseline age-standardized characteristics of 27,607 healthy male health professionals according to their red meat, poultry, and egg intake

Total red meataTotal poultrybEggsc
Servings/wk<3≥8<1.5≥3.5<0.5≥2.5
Age, mean (SD), y61.8 (9.1)60.2 (8.7)62.7 (8.9)59.2 (8.7)60.7 (8.9)61.5 (8.8)
BMI, mean (SD), kg/m225.0 (3.0)26.7 (3.9)25.8 (3.5)26.0 (3.5)25.2 (3.1)26.5 (4.0)
Vigorous MET-h/wk, mean (SD)20.7 (30.2)10.5 (20.5)12.6 (23.5)17.0 (30.1)18.6 (31.9)12.1 (21.8)
White, (%)90.893.692.691.591.092.9
Current smokers, (%)1.98.37.23.32.87.4
History of diabetes mellitus, (%)2.95.63.94.43.24.9
Family history of prostate cancer, (%)12.715.214.513.912.414.7
Dietary intakes, mean (SD), servings/wkd
Red meat1.8 (1.6)9.2 (3.7)6.1 (4.3)4.6 (3.4)3.5 (3.3)7.1 (4.0)
Eggs0.8 (1.7)2.0 (2.4)1.6 (2.2)1.2 (1.9)0.1 (0.3)3.5 (3.0)
Poultry3.5 (2.6)2.5 (1.7)1.1 (0.8)4.6 (2.5)3.4 (2.6)2.7 (1.9)
Fish3.4 (2.7)1.7 (1.4)1.8 (1.8)2.9 (2.3)3.1 (2.6)2.1 (1.7)
Dairye13.2 (9.4)14.2 (9.1)15.9 (10.8)12.6 (8.3)12.5 (8.9)15.4 (9.9)
Tomato sauce1.4 (1.5)0.9 (0.9)1.0 (1.2)1.2 (1.3)1.3 (1.4)1.0 (1.0)
Coffee14.1 (15.3)13.8 (12.5)16.0 (16.3)13.0 (12.9)13.4 (15.1)14.6 (13.3)
  • aOne serving of total red meat = 1 beef or pork hot dog; 2 slices of bacon; salami, bologna, or other processed meat sandwich; 57 g or 2 links of other processed meats (e.g., sausage, kielbasa, etc.); 1 hamburger patty; beef, pork, or lamb as a sandwich or mixed dish (e.g., stew, casserole, lasagna, etc.); 113 to 170 g of pork as a main dish (e.g., ham or chops); or 113 to 170 g of beef or lamb as a main dish (e.g., steak, roast).

  • bOne serving of total poultry = 1 chicken or turkey hot dog; chicken or turkey sandwich; 85 g of other chicken or turkey, with skin; or 85 g of other chicken or turkey, without skin.

  • cOne serving of eggs = 1 egg with yolk.

  • dStandardized to 2,000 kcal/d.

  • eDairy includes: skim milk; 1 or 2% milk; whole milk; cream; frozen yogurt, sherbet, or low-fat ice cream; regular ice cream; yogurt; butter; cottage or ricotta cheese; cream cheese; and other cheese.