Table 1

Participant characteristics (n = 27 patients who started induction therapy)

Gender
 Female11 (40.7%)
 Male16 (59.3%)
Age
 Mean ± SD (range)56.6 ± 10.7 (30.5-75.3)
Race
 White24 (88.9%)
 Hispanic2 (7.4%)
 Asian1 (3.7%)
Cancer history
 No22 (81.5%)
 Yes5 (18.5%)
Previous treatment for cancer
 Radiation1
 Surgery3
 Radiation and surgery1
Baseline histology
 Moderate dysplasia14 (51.8%)
 Severe dysplasia13 (48.1%)
Smoking status
 None6 (22.2%)
 Former12 (44.4%)
 Current9 (33.3%)
Packs-years, mean ± SD (range)
 Former39.9 ± 26.2 (5.0-90.0)
 Current44.6 ± 18.5 (22.5-80.0)
Smoking quit years for former smokers
 Mean ± SD (range)14.2 ± 8.8 (2.2-26.4)
Alcohol usage
 None18 (66.7%)
 Beer2 (7.4%)
 Wine3 (11.1%)
 Liquor3 (11.1%)
 Unknown1 (3.7%)
Reflux
 Present and treated26 (96.3%)
 No reflux 1 (3.7%)