Table 1

Some potential chemopreventive agents in powder made from BRBs harvested in 1997, 2001, and 2006

ComponentCrop year*References
199720012006
Minerals
 Calcium215.00175.00188.00(21)
 Selenium*<5.00<5.00<5.00(22)
 Zinc2.692.342.16(23)
Vitamins
 α-Carotene<0.02<0.02<0.03(24)
 β-Carotene<0.020.06<0.07(25)
 α-Tocopheroln.d.n.d.10.40(26)
 γ-Tocopheroln.d.n.d.11.20(27)
 Folate0.060.080.14(28)
Sterols
 β-Sitosterol80.1088.80110.00(29)
 Campesterol3.405.905.50(30)
Simple phenols
 Ellagic acid166.30185.00225.00(2)
 Ferulic acid17.60<5.0047.10(31)
ρ-Coumaric acid9.236.826.92(32)
 Chlorogenic acidn.d.n.d.0.14(32, 33)
 Quercetinn.d.43.6036.50(32, 34)
Anthocyanins (complex phenols)
 Cyanidin-3-O-glucosiden.d.250.00278.50(13, 35)
 Cyanidin-3-O-sambubiosiden.d.220.0056.00(13, 35)
 Cyanidin-3-O-rutinosiden.d.2,002.001,790.00(13, 35)
 Cyanidin-3-O-xylosylrutinosiden.d.510.00853.50(13, 35)

Abbreviation: n.d., not determined.

  • *All measures in the crop-year columns are mg/100 g of dry weight, except for that of selenium, which is μg/100 g of dry weight.