Table 2.

Baseline participant characteristics according to protective lifestyle factor index

Protective lifestyle factor index score0/1/2/3456789/10
N1,0352,5417,12713,67716,4637,4802,143
Age57.2 (7.7)58.2 (8.2)57.8 (8.1)56.6 (8.0)55.3 (7.7)54.4 (7.4)52.1 (6.2)
Sex (% female)9.321.637.455.166.965.233.8
Education, %21.422.525.728.932.738.153.4
Diabetes, %8.39.210.69.78.47.35.6
BMI, kg/m222.2 (4.9)22.9 (4.9)23.4 (4.5)23.3 (3.8)23.0 (3.0)22.9 (2.4)23.0 (2.5)
Percent reporting protective level of lifestyle factor
 BMI48.653.765.077.691.397.396.2
 Dietary patterna20.324.236.257.773.111.250.0
 Dietary patternb0.92.53.58.523.583.050.0
 Physical activity1.01.81.72.55.718.5100.0
 Sleep49.457.468.580.992.397.395.9
 Smokingc60.162.956.531.212.87.511.2
 Smokingd2.913.936.766.986.792.388.8
 Alcohol intakee11.110.24.42.00.80.50.5
 Alcohol intakef35.577.892.997.499.099.499.5

NOTE: Data for age and BMI represent mean (SD). Education- percentage with secondary school level or higher.

  • aMiddle 50th percentile (25–75th) of dietary pattern score.

  • bUpper 25th percentile of dietary pattern score.

  • cLight.

  • dNever.

  • e8–14 drinks/wk.

  • f0–7 drinks/wk.