Table 1.

Descriptive characteristics of study participants

ControlsPatients with gastric cancer
Variables(n = 226)(n = 102)P value
Age (y)
 ≤4956 (25)14 (14)<0.0001
 50–5995 (42)19 (18)
 ≥6075 (33)69 (68)
Sex
 Male120 (53)79 (78)<0.0001
 Female106 (47)23 (22)
Helicobacter pylori
 Negative112 (49)66 (65)0.011
 Positive114 (51)36 (35)
Grade of gastric atrophy
 No atrophic change19 (8)0 (0)<0.0001
 C124 (10)5 (5)
 C288 (36)24 (23)
 C370 (31)28 (28)
 O123 (10)30 (29)
 O27 (3)12 (12)
 O31 (1)3 (3)

NOTE: Percentages are indicated in parenthesis.