Table 1.

Similarities and differences between innate and adaptive immune responses

Innate immune responseAdaptive immune response
Immediate responseDelayed response
Short-term memoryLong-term memory
Nonspecific responseSpecific to antigens
No antigen neededAntigen required
DCs, NK cells, neutrophils, macrophagesDCs, T cells, B cells

NOTE: DCs—a link between the innate and adaptive systems.