Table 2.

Prostate cancer risk by regular recreational physical activity (RPA) from the age of 20 years

Number of participants
TotalWithout PCaWith PCaIR per 1,000 person-yearAge-adjusted HR (95% CI)Multivariate HRa (95% CI)
Total PCa8,221
 Number of cases1,052
 RPA1,8702945.400.98 (0.86–1.13)0.93 (0.81–1.07)
Localized PCa7,872
 Number of cases703
 RPA1,8702063.921.03 (0.88–1.22)0.99 (0.83–1.17)
Advanced PCa7,518
 Number of cases349
 RPA1,870881.770.87 (0.69–1.13)0.82 (0.63–1.06)

Abbreviations: IR, incidence rate; PCa, prostate cancer.

  • aAdjustment was made for the following covariates (values at baseline): birth-year, age, height, body mass index, type 2 diabetes, smoking, family history of prostate cancer, education, residency in early life, and regular health check-ups.

    Data on RPA were incomplete for 292 men, leaving 8,784 men in the analytic cohort.

    Number of individuals in multiadjusted analysis was 3% to 4% lower than in the age-adjusted analysis (due to missing values for covariates).