Table 3.

Biomarker results of women with breast cancer before and after GSP supplementation

BiomarkerTimeMedianQ1Q3Pa
GlucoseBaseline97891031.00
mg/dLSurgery92.58399
IGF-IBaseline181.51422050.75
ng/mLSurgery181.5149205
SHBGBaseline93.1548.2116.30.34
nmol/LSurgery7247.7115.6
InsulinBaseline8.5514.50.34
μU/mLSurgery5.13.712.7
TestosteroneBaseline0.1650.090.260.02
ng/mLSurgery0.2250.190.29
AdiponectinBaseline12.758.915.70.75
μg/mLSurgery12.79.914.6
C-reactive proteinBaseline0.1050.040.271.00
mg/dLSurgery0.1350.050.37
NOSBaseline214.5133.3680.61.00
μmol/LSurgery223.8127.4541.4
VEGFBaseline401.53477120.11
pg/mLSurgery456.5338720
HOMABaseline2.113.70.34
Surgery1.150.83.1
Tumor Ki-67Biopsy33.520390.39
%Surgery32.51750
  • aNonparametric test for paired data.