Table 1.

Prevalence of occupational exposure to DEE in Australia in 2012, by industry and exposure level

SampleaPopulationb
IndustryHigh, n (%)cLow, n (%)cHigh, n (%)cLow, n (%)c
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing2 (1.0)170 (88.1)3,700 (1.8)183,100 (86.6)
Mining8 (7.3)77 (70.6)13,900 (8.0)137,400 (78.8)
Manufacturing4 (1.4)53 (18.8)7,400 (0.8)85,300 (9.8)
Electricity, gas, water, and waste services0 (0.0)14 (43.7)0 (0.0)20,900 (18.4)
Construction21 (4.6)152 (33.0)34,000 (4.2)253,000 (31.5)
Wholesale trade0 (0.0)37 (69.8)0 (0.0)78,600 (20.1)
Retail trade0 (0.0)24 (7.8)0 (0.0)43,900 (4.6)
Accommodation and food services0 (0.0)2 (1.3)0 (0.0)6,100 (1.1)
Transport, postal, and warehousing11 (4.8)158 (68.4)28,200 (6.1)310,600 (67.2)
Information media and telecommunications0 (0.0)4 (7.1)0 (0.0)6,100 (3.6)
Financial and insurance services0 (0.0)5 (33.3)0 (0.0)7,400 (2.0)
Rental, hiring, and real estate services0 (0.0)16 (76.2)0 (0.0)45,800 (30.8)
Professional, scientific, and technical services0 (0.0)67 (35.8)0 (0.0)112,400 (15.9)
Administrative and support services0 (0.0)24 (1.2)0 (0.0)39,400 (12.6)
Public administration and safety6 (5.6)55 (51.4)12,100 (1.8)111,100 (16.4)
Education and training0 (0.0)10 (2.2)0 (0.0)18,700 (2.4)
Health care and social assistance0 (0.0)19 (3.2)0 (0.0)38,100 (3.4)
Arts and recreation services0 (0.0)4 (16.0)0 (0.0)11,500 (8.2)
Other services50 (29.4)32 (18.8)74,700 (20.8)49,400 (13.7)
Total102 (1.9)923 (16.8)174,000 (1.9)1,558,800 (17.4)
  • aObtained from the AWES (30).

  • bSample proportion extrapolated to Australian working population using Census 2011 data (38). Extrapolations conducted separately by occupational group and gender. Rounded to nearest 100.

  • cPercentage of individuals in each industry who were classified as exposed.