Table 1.

Tobacco treatment programs, staffing levels and referral methods at C3I funded NCI-Designated Cancer Centers, before and after receiving fundinga (N = 22)

Pre-funding18 Months post-funding
n (%)n (%)
Tobacco Treatment Program Offered
 Any program offered17 (77.2)20 (90.9)
 Quitline referral11 (50.0)13 (59.1)
 In-person program10 (45.5)18 (81.8)
 Cessation medication program3 (13.6)16 (72.7)
 Integrated Voice Response1 (4.5)1 (4.5)
 Text based program1 (4.5)6 (27.3)
 Web resource (e.g., Smokefree.gov)1 (4.5)5 (22.7)
Tobacco Treatment Specialists on Staff
 1 or more part-time8 (36.4)15 (68.2)
 1 or more full-time4 (18.2)10 (45.5)
Referral Method to Tobacco Treatment
 No referrals offered/given5 (22.7)1 (4.5)
 Patient initiated enrollment11 (50.0)11 (50.0)
 Manual clinician referral (phone or fax, not EHR-based)13 (59.1)11 (50.0)
 Optional EHR-based referral6 (27.3)11 (50.0)
 Automatic EHR-based referral1 (4.5)9 (40.9)
  • NOTE: Categories are not mutually exclusive.

  • aPre-funding: January 1 to June 30, 2017; 18 months post-funding July 1 to December 31, 2018.