Table 2.

The impact of dietary kava on smoking behaviors based on mCEQ and CPD.

FactorSmoking satisfactionPsychologic rewardEnjoy sensationCraving reductionAversionCPD
Baseline mean (SD)4.98 (1.42)4.10 (1.22)4.24 (1.73)4.95 (1.66)1.52 (0.83)16.3 (10.5)
7 Day mean (SD)4.51 (1.35)3.77 (1.19)3.71 (1.55)4.95 (1.36)1.40 (0.66)16.2 (10.9)
Paired t test P (two-tailed)0.0310.2220.0531.000.4890.87